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Class Details

Revision materials for the course: AS OCR History, Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63.

The course is divided into four sections:
1. How effectively did Hitler establish and consolidate Nazi authority 1933-45?
2. To what extent did the Nazis transform German society?
3. To what extent and in what ways did Communism transform the GDR?
4. How far did Western democratic structures succeed in the Federal Republic?

(1) AS OCR German History: 3 The Berlin Blockade and the emergence of the GDR

21 concepts, including:
Dates of the Berlin Blockade, What was the cause of the Berlin Blockade?, How did the Allies support West Berlin during the blockade?, Parliamentary Council, How was a constitution for the FRG devised?, When was the GDR formed?

(2) AS OCR German History: 3 Economic change in the GDR

21 concepts, including:
What was the problem with the land reform of 1945?, How did the SED counter the problem of the 1945 land reform?, How was agriculture made more efficient?, Success of collectivisation, By 1959 what % did LPGs make up of the agricultural sector?

(3) AS OCR German History: 3 Social Change

24 concepts, including:
Who gained the most from social changes in the GDR?, Social changes for peasants, Social changes for factory workers, Social changes for women, Mass organisations established by the state:, What was the purpose of mass organisations?

(4) AS OCR German History: 1 Resistance

26 concepts, including:
Forms of resistance under the Nazis (3), Why was there so little open opposition?, Opposition groups: (8), Where was there support for: Communists, Where was there support for: Social Democrats, Where was there support for: Trade Unions

(5) AS OCR German History: 1 Hitler and Government

12 concepts, including:
What was the image of Hitler as Fuhrer? (3), Why was Hitler’s power threatened despite him having destroyed much of the opposition he faced?, In what ways was Hitler’s power then limited? (4), In what ways was Hitler’s day to day role limited? (3)

(6) AS OCR German History: 1 Nazi Admission to Power in 1933

17 concepts, including:
Five legal methods used by Hitler to create a dictatorship, Legal methods: Reichstag Fire, Legal methods: Decree for the Protection of the People and the State, Legal methods: Election, Legal methods: Enabling Act

(7) AS OCR German History: 1 Nazi Admission to Power in 1933

12 concepts, including:
The political situation in 1933, Number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag, July 1932, Number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag, November 1932, After the election there was a period of political intrigue between who?

(8) AS OCR German History: 1 Aims of the Nazis

18 concepts, including:
When was Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany?, On what condition did President Hindenburg agree to appoint Hitler chancellor?, Why did Hindenburg believe that Hitler’s power would be limited?, What did Hitler tell Otto Strasser about power?

(9) AS OCR German History: 4 The Western Zones 1945-9

8 concepts, including:
Western zones, ACC, Problems following the Second World War: (7), Events in the Western Zone: 1946, Events in the Western Zone: 1946-7, Events in the Western Zone: 1947 (5), Events in the Western Zone: 1948 (2), Events in the Western Zone: 1949

(10) AS OCR German History: 3 Potsdam and the establishment of the Soviet Zone

22 concepts, including:
Outcome of the Yalta conference, When did the Allied leaders meet again after Yalta?, Who attended the Potsdam conference?, Overview of the main disagreements at Potsdam, What was agreed: Germany’s administration

(11) AS OCR German History: 2 Propoganda and Control

23 concepts, including:
What three primary methods were used by the Nazis to maintain control?, Propoganda was used to win over the public and help create a Volksgemeinschaft through:, Purpose of propaganda in wartime:, Who was responsible for propaganda?

(12) AS OCR German History: 2 Anti-Semitism and Genocide

25 concepts, including:
Three phases of Nazi policy towards the Jews, Overview of gradualism:, How was anti-Semitism enhanced initially?, Legal descrimination, 1 April 1933, 7 April 1933, Laws introduced in 1935 (2), Laws introduced in 1938 (4)

(13) AS OCR German History: 3 Potsdam and the establishment of the Soviet Zone

22 concepts, including:
When did the Allies agree to split Germany into four zones?, Where did the Allies meet after Yalta?, What was to happen to Germany as a whole?, Who attended the Potsdam Conference?, How was the economy of Germany to be run?

(14) AS OCR M. HIS GER NAZI OPPOSITION UP TO 1945

26 concepts, including:
Membership of the Communist Party in 1932, How many Communist members were interned during the first year of Nazi rule?, Initial Gestapo involvement with the Communist Party., What followed the Gestapo infiltration of the Communist Party?

(15) AS OCR M. HIS GER EAST GERMANY: CREATION OF THE SED DICTATORSHIP

16 concepts, including:
When was the foundation of the DDR in East Germany, Theoretically, what kind of constitutional system was the DDR?, Volkshammer, Landerkammer, How did the leaders of the new system maintain power?, Politbureau, Democratic centralisation

(16) AS OCR German History: 1 The Police State

36 concepts, including:
The relationship of the SS with the state and the party:, What was the size of the SA in 1933?, When did Himmler become the leader of the SS?, What did Himmler create in 1931?, Why did Hitler turn to Himmler to carry out the purge on the Night of Long Knives?

(17) AS OCR German History: 1 Nazi admission to power in 1933 Extended

31 concepts, including:
What were Hitlers limitations as Chancellor from January 1933?, Which two Nazis were appointed to the Cabinet in January 1933?, Why did Hitler have to be careful not to alienate the army or the trade unions?

(18) AS OCR M. HIS GER HITLER BEFORE CHANCELLOR

14 concepts, including:
How did the Nazis do in the July 1932 elections?, What problems did the Nazis face after the July 1932 elections?, What internal divisions did the Nazis face after the elections?, Why was the Reichstag dissolved by Hindenberg in 1932?

(19) AS OCR German History: 4 The Western Economy

15 concepts, including:
Who oversaw the “social economy”?, When did Erhard begin his plans for a social economy?, What was the average growth rate in the BRD?, Germany in 1954 compared to other nations., How did unemployment rates change under the Social economy?

(20) AS OCR M. HIS GER WEST GERMANY PARTY POLITICS

16 concepts, including:
How many parties were elected to parliament in 1949?, Why did the CDU not form a coalition with the SDP?, Who was the first elected chancellor following the first Bundestag election?, What problems did Adenauer’s government face at first?

(21) AS OCR M. HIS GER WEST GERMANY BONN REPUBLIC

15 concepts, including:
When was it decided that the West German state should adopt a new constitution?, What was to be different to the Weimar Constitution?, What was decided about human and civil rights in the Basic Law?, How did the federal presidents powers change?

(22) AS OCR M. HIS EAST GERMANY: TIMELINE

14 concepts, including:
1949 January 25-28, 1949 October 7, 1950 February, 1950 October, 1952 July, 1953 March 5, 1953 June 17, 1955 May 11-14, 1955 September 20, 1956 February, 1958 November 27, 1960, 1961 August 13, 1963 June

(23) AS OCR M. HIS GER WEST GERMANY: TIMELINE

15 concepts, including:
1949 May 23, 1949 September 15, 1949 November, 1951 April, 1952 August 21, 1952 May, 1954 October, 1955 May, 1955 November 12, 1957 March, 1957 September 15, 1959 November, 1961 August 13, 1962 October to November, 1963 October 15

(24) AS OCR M. HIS GER CREATION OF TWO GERMANIES: TIMELINE

13 concepts, including:
1945 February 4-11, 1945 May 7 – 8, 1945 July 17 – August 2, 1945 November 20, 1946 April 21-22, 1947 January 1, 1947 June 5, 1948 June 18, 1948 June 24, 1949 January 25-28, 1949 May 12, 1949 May 23, 1949 October 7

(25) AS OCR M. HIS GER NAZI REGIME: TIMELINE

8 concepts, including:
1934 June 30, 1935, 1936 June, 1938 September, 1939 September, 1942, 1942-3 Winter, 1944 July

(26) AS OCR M. HIS GER THE RACIAL STATE: TIMELINE

5 concepts, including:
1933 April 1, 1935 September 15, 1938 November 9-10, 1939, 1942 January

(27) AS OCR M. HIS GER NAZI SOCIETY: TIMELINE

6 concepts, including:
1933 May, 1933 July, 1934, 1937 March, 1941 August, 1944 November

(28) AS OCR M. HIS GER THE NAZI ECONOMY: TIMELINE

9 concepts, including:
1933 March, 1934 July, 1934 September, 1936 October, 1937 November, 1939 December, 1941 December, 1942 February, 1944 August

(29) AS OCR M. HIS GER NAZI DICTATORSHIP: TIMELINE

8 concepts, including:
1933 January 30, 1933 February 27, 1933 March 5, 1933 March 21, 1933 March 23, 1933 July 14, 1934 June 30, 1934 August 2

(30) AS OCR M. HIS GER KEY DATES

43 concepts, including:
When was Hitler elected Chancellor?, When was the Enabling Act Passed?, When was the Concordat?, When were all other political parties banned?, When was the Night of the Long Knives?, When was the start of the Second World War?

(31) AS OCR German History: 3 The Berlin Wall

17 concepts, including:
Divisions in Berlin: Military, Divisions in Berlin: Political, Did western powers recognise East Berlin as the capital of the DDR in 1949?, Divisions in Berlin: Social, Three factors that caused the “Berlin Fuse”?

(32) AS OCR M. HIS GER DDR SOCIETY: EDUCATION

24 concepts, including:
With what purpose did school’s reopen?, How many teachers were dismissed in 1945?, What else was thrown out of schools?, What were the main problems for schools in 1945?, Reasons for the aims of education reform in East Germany?

(33) AS OCR German History: 2 Changes in Society

23 concepts, including:
Volskgemeinschaft, Indoctrinate, Aim of Nazi changes to education, Which areas were emphasised in education?, Which subjects were dropped from the curriculum?, What did the Nazis create in order to produce the Nazi elite?

(34) AS OCR M. HIS GER SOCIAL CHANGE IN THE GDR

20 concepts, including:
How often gained the most in the GDR, Peasants in the GDR, Factory workers in the GDR, Women in the GDR, Mass organisations in the GDR, FDGB, Democratic Women’s League of Germany, League of Culture, Society for Sport and Technology

(35) AS OCR M. HISTORY SOCIAL CHANGE IN THE GDR

22 concepts, including:
What happened to large estates in 1945?, When large estates were given to peasants in 1945 this lead to problems because, Solution to problems caused as a result of large estates given to peasants in 1945, How did agriculture become more efficient?

(36) AS OCR M.HIS GER KEY WORDS

20 concepts, including:
Alliance, Allied Control Council, Annexation, Anschluss, Anti-capitalism, Anti-feminist, Anti-Marxism, Anti-modernism, Anti-Semitism, Appeasement, Arbitration treaty, Article 48, Aryan, Associationism, Atomic Bomb, Autarky, Authoritarianism

(37) AS OCR M.HIS GER 9.2 SOCIAL GROUPS

9 concepts, including:
What factors contributed to the German people’s acceptance/tolerance of the regime?, May 1933, German Labour Front, What could be argued to be the most significant benefit for industrial workers?, Robert Ley, Real Wages

(38) AS OCR MOD HIS GER NAZI GERMANY KEY DATES

62 concepts, including:
9th November 1918, 28th June 1919, 5th January 1919, 12th September 1919, 24th Febraury 1920, 29th July 1921, 4th November 1923, 26th February 1924, April 1925, 4th July 1926, 20th August 1927, 1929 – 1930, During 1930, September 1930

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